J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 29(8); 1992 > Article
 Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1992;29(8): 609.
 Aluminium Distearate 첨가가 $UO_2$ 핵연료 제조에 미치는 영향 박지연, 정충환, 김영석 한국원자력연구소 핵연료재료개발실 Effect of the Addition of Aluminium Distearate on Manufacturing of $UO_2$ Nuclear Fuel ABSTRACT This study has been investigated on the milling of Aluminium Distearate (ADS) powder and characteristics of the ADS-doped UO2 pellets. As-received ADS powder of the agglomerated particles has not shown any milling effect because of heat generated during planetary milling. But the use of coolant to effectively remove heat generated during milling has been found an effective way in breaking up the agglomerates of ADS powder. The green density of the UO2 pellet decreases with the amount of ADS powder doped. Therefore, in order to get the sintered density of 95% pellet decreases with the amount of ADS powder doped. Therefore, in order to get the sintered density of 95% theoretical density, the 200 ppm ADS-doped UO2 pellet has to be pressed under higher compacting pressure of 3500~4000 kgf/$textrm{cm}^2$ compared with the ADS-undoped UO2 pellet pressed under around 3000 kgf/$textrm{cm}^2$. The ADS-dpoed UO2 pellet with even relatively low sintered density of 10.27 g/㎤ exhibits open porosity of 1% while open porosity of the ADS-undoped UO2 pellet is reduced to around 1% only after its sintered density increases to 10.43g/㎤. It is, therefore, concluded that doping of ADS powder significantly contributes to the decrease in open porosity of the UO2 pellet. The dilatometry of the ADS doped UO2 pellet shows the sintering rate curve with the bimodal mode, which could be attributed to a phase reaction between UO2 and ADS. The X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that there occurs not any new phase formed but the shift of the peaks. It would be expected that a phase reaction resulting in solid solution would happen in the temperature range of 130$0^{circ}C$ to 150$0^{circ}C$ between UO2 and ADS.
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