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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 60(6); 2023 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2023;60(6): 918-934.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-023-00319-z
Scalable synthesis of MOFs-derived ZnO/C nanohybrid: efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction in alkaline medium
Tauseef Munawar1, Ambreen Bashir1, Faisal Mukhtar1, Muhammad Shahid Nadeem1, Sumaira Manzoor2, Muhammad Naeem Ashiq2, Shoukat Alim Khan3, Muammer Koc3, Faisal Iqbal1
1Institute of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan
2Institute of Chemical Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, 60800, Pakistan
3Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science and Engineering, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar
Correspondence  Faisal Iqbal ,Email: faisal.iqbal@iub.edu.pk
Received: March 17, 2023; Revised: June 7, 2023   Accepted: July 5, 2023.  Published online: August 2, 2023.
ABSTRACT
One of the main goals of energy conversion research is to develop efficient, nonprecious, and stable electrocatalysts to replace deficient and unstable noble metal catalysts. Hence, this work described metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) derived ZnO/C hybrid via a hydrothermal route grown on the surface of conducting stainless steel substrate (SS). By using multiple physical techniques (XRD, FTIR, TEM, XPS, and EDX), we compared structural and morphological properties of ZnO/C hybrid and MOF-5 electrodes. The electrocatalytic behaviour of amiable and economical ZnO/C/SS catalyst was noticed in catalyzing oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in one mole KOH electrolyzer with low overpotential and excellent stability. Cyclic sweep voltammetry indicated that the ZnO/C/SS hybrid only needs an ultralow overpotential of 282 mV to achieve a current density of 10 mA cm-1 for OER. In addition, ZnO/C/SS with a low Tafel slope of 39.3 mV/dec and higher 0.29 s-1 turnover frequency can serve as a proficient electrocatalyst compared to commercial ZnO and MOF-5 electrodes. The stability of ZnO/C/SS hybrid electrocatalyst approaching minor chronoamperometric degradation after 55 h. The electrochemical response depicts that the successful synthesis of MOF-derived ZnO/C/SS catalyst provided abundant active centers and boosted an electronrich environment to promote its future prosperity and facilitate practical applications for electrochemical water-splitting.
Key words: OER electrocatalysis · ZnO/C/SS hybrid · MOF-templated synthesis · Stainless steel substrate (SS) · Overpotential · Chronoamperometry
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