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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 61(2); 2024 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2024;61(2): 335-341.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-024-00368-y
Enhanced thermoelectric performance of TiS2 via large thermal conductivity reduction by solid solution alloying with TiSe2
Sanghyun Park1, Jong Wook Roh2, Joontae Park1, Hyungyu Cho1, Seung Min Kang1, Okmin Park1, Hyun-Sik Kim1, Sang-il Kim1
1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, 02504, South Korea
2School of Nano Materials Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, 37224, South Korea
Correspondence  Sang-il Kim ,Email: sang1.kim@uos.ac.kr
Received: October 16, 2023; Revised: December 26, 2023   Accepted: January 5, 2024.  Published online: January 18, 2024.
*Sanghyun Park and Jong Wook Roh contributed equally to this work.
TiS2 is a transition metal dichalcogenide with semiconducting transport properties, and is considered a potential thermoelectric material owing to its relatively low lattice thermal conductivity originated from van der Waals stacking. In this study, the evolution of electrical and thermal transport properties of TiS2 by solid solution alloying with TiSe2 are investigated systematically regarding thermoelectric properties. A series of solid solution compositions of Ti(S1xSex)2 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5) polycrystalline samples was synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction, wherein no secondary phase was formed. As x increased, the electrical conductivity and carrier concentration gradually increased, while the Seebeck coefficient decreased. Consequently, the power factor decreased. On the other hand, the lattice thermal conductivity is reduced largely to 0.96 W/mK for x = 0.5 at 300 K, compared to 2.3 W/mK for the pristine TiS2 sample. Consequently, the thermoelectric figure of merit zT of TiS2 was enhanced by solid solution allying with TiSe2, despite deterioration of the electrical transport properties. The maximum zT of 0.41 was observed for x = 0.4 (Ti(S0.6Se0.4)2) at 500 K.
Key words: Thermoelectric · TiS2 · Thermal conductivity reduction · Solid solution alloying
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