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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 59(4); 2022 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2022;59(4): 436-443.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-022-00186-0
Control of particle morphology and size of yttria powder prepared by hydro(solvo)thermal synthesis
Bok‑Hyun Oh1, Sang‑Jin Lee1,2
1Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Mokpo National University, Muan 58554, Republic of Korea
2Research Institute of Ceramic Industry and Technology, Mokpo National University, Muan 58554, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Sang‑Jin Lee ,Email: lee@mokpo.ac.kr
Received: August 13, 2021; Revised: November 29, 2021   Accepted: January 13, 2022.  Published online: July 31, 2022.
Yttria (Y2O3) is a representative material having excellent plasma resistance, and yttria powder, applied to semiconductor components and thermal spray coating, requires excellent sinterability and fowability, for which particle shape and size are important factors. In the present study, to synthesize yttria powder having various shape applicable to many industrial areas, the morphology of yttria particles was controlled through hydro(solvo)thermal synthesis. The yttria powder was synthesized using deionized water, ethylene glycol and glycerol as solvents. The precursor concentrations and the synthesis conditions such as synthesis temperature and time were examined. The particle shape and size of the yttria powder were adjusted to plate-type, rod-type and spherical-type depending on the applied solvent, precipitant and synthesis temperature. The thermal treatment following the hydro(solvo)thermal synthesis did not have a signifcant efect on the shape of the yttria particles. Cubic single-phase yttria was observed at a calcination temperature of 450 °C or higher, and the crystal phase further developed as the thermal treatment temperature increased. In the powder synthesized using deionized water, the crystal phase developed mostly on the [222] direction depending on the temperature during oriented attachment. On the other hand, in the powder synthesized using ethylene glycol and glycerol as a solvent, the crystal phase developed homogeneously in all crystalline directions.
Key words: Yttria · Hydrothermal synthesis · Solvothermal synthesis · Morphology · Precursor · Calcination
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