| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Login | Contact Us |  
J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 58(3); 2021 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2021;58(3): 337-350.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-020-00099-w
Impedance and modulus analysis of barium calcium titanate ferroelectric ceramics
Satyanarayan Patel1, Lalitha Kodumudi Venkataraman2, Harekrishna Yadav1
1Discipline of Mechanical Engineering , Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453 552, India
2Department of Materials and Earth Sciences, Technical University of Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany
Correspondence  Satyanarayan Patel ,Email: spatel@iiti.ac.in
Received: September 2, 2020; Revised: November 9, 2020   Accepted: November 11, 2020.  Published online: May 31, 2021.
BaTiO3-based derivatives have been explored in recent times for potential applications in energy harvesting and ultrasonics. To this end, energy harvesting and conversion applications require an understanding of the conduction and loss mechanisms. The conduction mechanism in Ba0.9Ca0.1TiO3 (BCT) ceramics is studied using impedance spectroscopy at different temperatures. Impedance analysis suggests the presence of two types of relaxation processes corresponding to grain and grain boundary contributions. The relaxation mechanism follows non-Debye-type behavior. The high resistance of the grain (bulk) in the ferroelectric region does not contribute to the high losses; the losses probably result from the phase transition. In addition, BCT ceramics exhibit a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR). The open-circuit pyroelectric voltage shows a twofold increase compared to (Ca, Zr) modification in BaTiO3.
Key words: Lead free · BCT ceramics · Impedance spectroscopy · Electric modulus
Editorial Office
Meorijae Bldg., Suite # 403, 76, Bangbae-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06704, Korea
TEL: +82-2-584-0185   FAX: +82-2-586-4582   E-mail: ceramic@kcers.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © The Korean Ceramic Society.                      Developed in M2PI