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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 58(2); 2021 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2021;58(2): 192-200.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-020-00086-1
Thermal durability of ytterbium silicate environmental barrier coating prepared by suspension plasma spray
Soo Min Park1, Sahn Nahm2, Yoon Suk Oh1
1Engineering Ceramic Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology, Icheon, Republic of Korea
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Yoon Suk Oh ,Email: ysoh30@kicet.re.kr
Received: August 6, 2020; Revised: September 17, 2020   Accepted: September 25, 2020.  Published online: March 31, 2021.
Owing to their superior high-temperature stability, SiC-based ceramic matrix composites are widely used in turbine engine components for launch vehicles and other applications in the aerospace industry. However, because of the deterioration that occurs in these materials in high-temperature wet operating environments, researchers have developed environmental barrier coating technologies to protect the substrate. In this study, a top coat was prepared using Yb2SiO5 and Yb2Si2O7 as the third-generation coating of a rare-earth silicate with high thermal, chemical, and mechanical stability in high-temperature environments above 1400 °C. A new bond coat was prepared, incorporating Si, whose thermal expansion coefficient is similar to that of the SiC substrate, and Hf, which is expected to significantly contribute to high-temperature stability. The coating was prepared by suspension plasma spraying rather than atmospheric plasma spraying to realize a fine coating particle structure; to densify the coating layers, secondary densification coatings were created using ytterbium (III) nitrate pentahydrate (Yb(NO3)3∙5H2O) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (C8H20O4Si). The prepared specimens were measured in terms of weight change and weight change ratio with respect to temperature under high-temperature flames (1400 ᕑ and 1700 ᕑ). After the secondary densification coating, the microstructure of the specimen was observed to be denser and the surface layer of the coating exhibited crystallinity. For the tested samples, a decrease in weight was observed. The largest weight loss was observed under the 1700 ᕑ flame.
Key words: Environmental barrier coatings · Suspension plasma spray · Ytterbium silicate · Si–Hf bond coat · Secondary densification coatings
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