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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 57(2); 2020 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2020;57(2): 161-166.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-019-00013-z
Sintering behavior and technological properties of nano‑cubic zirconia/calcium zirconate ceramic composites
M. M. S. Wahsh , A. A. Gaber, A. G. M. Othman
Refractories, Ceramics and Building Materials Department, National Research Centre, Elbuhouth St., Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
Correspondence  M. M. S. Wahsh ,Email: mmswahsh@yahoo.com
Received: August 27, 2019; Revised: November 21, 2019   Accepted: November 25, 2019.  Published online: February 29, 2020.
ABSTRACT
Zirconia–calcium zirconate ceramic composites were synthesized and their densification parameters and microhardness were investigated. Zirconium chloride and limestone were mixed in different molar ratios: 1:1 (Z1), 2:1 (Z2), 3:1 (Z3), and 4:1 (Z4) to prepare the composites using the co-precipitation method. The precursors were fired at 900 °C for 1 h. The four samples (Z1, Z2, Z3, and Z4) were then shaped and sintered at 1550 °C for 2 h. The phase compositions and microstructures of the sintered samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicated that the particle sizes of all the prepared powders were within the nanometric size range (43–67 nm). In addition, the densification parameters [bulk density ~ 4.2 g/cm3 and apparent porosity (AP) ~ 0.16%] and microhardness (~ 565.76 HV) of the sintered samples improved with an increase in cubic zirconia content. While the AP of the samples increased with an increase in the calcium zirconate phase fraction.
Key words: ZrO2 · Nanocomposites · Sintering · Microstructure
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