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 J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 50(6); 2013 > Article
 Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2013;50(6): 434. doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2013.50.6.434
 Synthesis and Compaction Behavior of Monodispersed 3Y-ZrO2 Spherical Agglomerates Hong-Goo Choi, Seok-Min Yong, Do Kyung Kim Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) ABSTRACT Monodispersed 3Y-$ZrO_2$ spherical agglomerates were synthesized by thermal hydrolysis process followed by crystallization processes (hydrothermal treatment and calcination). The crystallization process affected the properties of the final particles, such as the primary particle size, the agglomeration state, and the fraction of $ZrO_2$ monoclinic phase. The hydrothermal treated spherical particles were porous microstructures (weak agglomerates) composed of small primary particles with a size of 14 nm, but the calcined spherical particles had a dense microstructure due to the hard aggregation between primary particles. While the calcined particles had a low green density due to the hard aggregation, hydrothermal treated ones were soft agglomerates and had a deflection point at 50 MPa due to the rearrangement of secondary spherical particles and the filling of the interstices with the primary particles. Finally, the green density of hydrothermally treated $ZrO_2$ particles was 58% at 200 MPa. Key words: 3Y-$ZrO_2$, Thermal hydrolysis, Hydrothermal, Monodispersed spherical particles, Compaction behavior
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