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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 50(6); 2013 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2013;50(6): 378.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2013.50.6.378
Nondestructive Evaluation of Microstructure of SiCf/SiC Composites by X-Ray Computed Microtomography
Weon-Ju Kim, Daejong Kim, Choong Hwan Jung, Ji Yeon Park, Lance L. Snead1
Nuclear Materials Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
1Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CFCCs) have a complex distribution of porosity, consisting of interfiber micro pores and interbundle/interply macro pores. Owing to the complex geometry of the pores and fiber architecture, it is difficult to obtain representative microstructural features throughout the specimen volume with conventional, destructive ceramographic approaches. In this study, we introduce X-ray computed microtomography (X-ray ${mu}CT$) to nondestructively analyze the microstructures of disk shaped and tubular $SiC_f$/SiC composites fabricated by the chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) method. The disk specimen made by stacking plain-woven SiC fabrics exhibited periodic, large fluctuation of porosity in the stacking direction but much less variation of porosity perpendicular to the fabric planes. The X-ray ${mu}CT$ evaluation of the microstructure was also effectively utilized to improve the fabrication process of the triple-layered tubular SiC composite.
Key words: X-ray computed microtomography, $SiC_f$/SiC composite, Microstructure, Nondestructive evaluation
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