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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 49(5); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2012;49(5): 454.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2012.49.5.454
함침법에 의한 지르코니아 나노 분말의 합성
한정화, 김수종
한라대학교 신소재화학공학과
Preparation of Nano-sized Zirconia Powders by the Impregnation Method
Cheong-Hwa Han, Soo-Jong Kim
Department of Advanced Materials & Chemical Engineering, Halla University
ABSTRACT
The nano-sized zirconia powders were synthesized in an impregnation method using pulp and $ZrOCl_2{cdot}8H_2O$ as an initial material. The synthesized powders were characterized by XRD and FE-SEM. The particle size of the powder was controlled by preparation conditions, such as drying temperature and time. As a result of the various drying and calcination conditions, 30~50 nm sized homogeneous zirconia particles were obtained at $800^{circ}C$ for 1 h. Crystallization and the rapid growth of particles were accelerated with increasing calcination temperature and time. Tetragonal phase generated below $800^{circ}C$ were transferred to monoclinic phase with increasing calcination temperature and time. Moreover, above $800^{circ}C$, heat treatment time had very large influence on the particle growth, and the change of drying condition also had large influence on the growth of a crystal.
Key words: $ZrO_2$, Nanocrystalline, Impregnation method
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