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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 49(1); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2012;49(1): 118.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2012.49.1.118
탄산암모늄 공침을 이용한 Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 분말의 합성 및 소결특성
유영창, 정병주1, 심수만
홍익대학교 재료공학부
1홍익대학교 화학공학과
Preparation and Sintering Characteristics of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 Powder by Ammonium Carbonate Co-precipitation
Young-Chang Yoo, Byung-Joo Chung1, Soo-Man Sim
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hongik University
1Department of Chemical Engineering, Hongik University
GDC20($Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$) powder was synthesized from Ce and Gd nitrate solutions using ammonium carbonate($(NH_4)_2CO_3$) as a precipitant. Attrition-milling of the powder, which had been calcined at $700^{circ}C$ for 4 h, decreased an average particle size of 2.2 ${mu}m$ to 0.5 ${mu}m$. The milled powder consisted of nano-sized spherical primary particles. Due to the excellent sinterability of the powder, sintering of the powder compacts for 4 h showed relative densities of 80% at 1000 $^{circ}C$ and 96.5% at $1200^{circ}C$, respectively. Densification was found to almost complete at $1300^{circ}C$, resulting in a dense and homogeneous microstructure with a relative density of 99.5%. The grains of ~0.2 ${mu}m$ in size at $1200^{circ}C$ grew to ~1 ${mu}m$ in size at $1300^{circ}C$ as a result of a rapid grain growth.
Key words: SOFC, GDC, Co-Precipitation, Ammonium carbonate, Sintering
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