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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 46(3); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2009;46(3): 330.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2009.46.3.330
Sm을 첨가한 BaTiO3계의 재산화 온도 및 시간에 따른 PTC 특성 변화
정용근, 최성철
한양대학교 신소재공학과
Effects of the Re-oxidation Temperature and Time on the PTC Properties of Sm-doped BaTiO3
Yong-Keun Chung, Sung-Churl Choi
Division of Materials Science Engineering, Hanyang University
We investigated the effects of the re-oxidation temperature and time on the positive temperature coefficient (PTC) of resistivity characteristics of Sm-doped $BaTiO_3$ sintered at $1200{sim}1260^{circ}C$ for 2 h in a reducing atmosphere (3% $H_2/N_2$), followed by re-oxidization processes in air, in which re-oxidization temperature and time were $600{sim}1000^{circ}C$ and $1{sim}10$h, respectively. The result reveals that Smdoped (Ba,Ca)$TiO_3$ ceramics fired in a reducing atmosphere exhibit low PTC characteristics, whereas the sample re-oxidized at $800^{circ}C$ for 1 h in air exhibit pronounced PTC characteristics. The room-temperature resistivity and jumping characteristics of resistivity (${rho}_{max}/{rho}25^{circ}C$) decrease with Sm contents. The PTC characteristics with reoxidization time at $800^{circ}C$ have improved about $2{sim}3$ orders of magnitude whereas differed according to the sintering temperature. The 0.7 at% Sm-doped (Ba,Ca)$TiO_3$ samples reveal the best PTC characteristics in the present range of formula and processes.
Key words: $BaTiO_3$, PTC thermistor, $Sm_2O_3$ contents, Reduced atmosphere, Re-oxidization
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