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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 45(12); 2008 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2008;45(12): 760.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2008.45.1.760
Investigation of Li Dopant as a Sintering Aid for ScSZ Electrolyte for IT-SOFC
Masashi Mori, Yu Liu, Shuhua Ma, Shin-ichi Hashimoto1, Katsuhito Takei
Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry
1Center for Research Strategy and Support, Tohoku University
ABSTRACT
In this study, the effects of small amounts (${leq}3;mol%$) of Li doping on the sintering characteristics and electrochemical performance of $(ZrO_2)_{0.89}(ScO_{1.5})_{0.1}(CeO_2)_{0.01}$ (ScSZ) were investigated. By adding 3 mol% lithium, the densification temperature of ScSZ was reduced from the conventional temperature of $1400^{circ}C$ to $1200^{circ}C$. It was found that Li doping also led to changes in the Zr:Sc ratio at the grain boundaries. Correspondingly, the dispersion of lithium zirconia at the grain boundaries accelerated the growth of ScSZ grains and increased the grain boundary resistance at temperatures below $450^{circ}C$. At elevated temperatures of $450{sim}750^{circ}C$, the electrical conductivity of the ScSZ after doping remained almost unchanged under air and reducing atmospheres. These results suggest that the addition of lithium is promising for use in low temperature co-firing of ScSZ-based components for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells.
Key words: Solid oxide fuel cells, Electrolyte, Scandia stabilized zirocnia, Sintering additions, Densification, Electrical conductivity
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