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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 40(8); 2003 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2003;40(8): 798.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2003.40.8.798
공침법으로 제조된 Yttira Doped Ceria분체의 건조방법에 따른 입자특성 고찰
변윤기, 이상훈1, 최성철
한양대학교 세라믹공학과
1대한광업진흥공사 기술연구소
The Effect of Dry Methods for Synthesized Yttria-doped Ceria by Co-precipitation
ABSTRACT
In synthesis of nano powders, the hard agglomeration for the synthesized powders occurred during the drying processing. In order to avoid hard agglomeration in particles the freeze drying process was used in this experiment. e fabricated the Yttira-Doped Ceria(YDC) nano powder by co-precipitation. Starting materials used in experiments were the cerium(III) nitrate and yttrium(III) nitrate solution with 야-water, which two solutions were mixed and then the precipitated hydroxides were prepared for adding sodium hydroxide. The co-precipitated powders were dried by the thermal drying at 8$0^{circ}C$ for 24 h and by freeze drying at -4$0^{circ}C$, 30 mtorr for 72 h. The lattice parameter and crystallite size as a function of calcination temperature was characterized by XRD analysis. The lattice parameter of YDC was decreased with addition amount of yttrium and was estimated as 5.401683 $AA$ at $700^{circ}C$. Crystallite size were calculated by XRD-LB method, and morphologies were confirmed with the observation of TEM and SEM. The freeze dried YDC powders had medium diameter of 17 nm with more uniform size distribution than the thermal dried YDC posers, which were mainly ascribed to the difference of agglomerates formation during drying stage.
Key words: Yttria-doped Ceria, Co-precipitation, Freeze drying, Agglomeration
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