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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 36(4); 1999 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1999;36(4): 391.
졸-겔 코팅에 의한 저온형 고체산화물 연료저지용 전해질막의 합성 및 특성
현상훈, 김승구, 장운석
연세대학교 세라믹공학과
Synthesis of Electrolyte Films for Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Sol-Gel Coating and Their Characteristics
Characteristics of composite electrolytes which were prepared by coating a thin film of YSZ (yttria sta-bilized zirconia : (ZrO2)0.92 (Y2O3)0.08) on YDC (yttria doped ceria : Ce0.8Y0.2O1.9) with mixed conductivity have been investigated in order to develop the low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell. The thickness (t) of spin-coated YSZ thin films after the heat-treatment at 600$^{circ}C$ was increased proportionally to the sol con-centrations (C) while the decrease in its thickness with the spin rate ($omega$) could be expressed in the e-quation of ln t=9.49-0.53 ln $omega$(0.99mol//s sol conc.) When the sol concentration and the spin rate being less than 0.99 mol/l and higher than 1000 rpm respectively reliable YSZ/YDC composite electrolytes could be obtained by multi-coating although several micro-cracks were observed in singly coated YSZ film surfaces. The dense YSZ film with a 1$mutextrm{m}$ thickness was prepared by coating of 0.99 mol/l YSZ sol five-times at 2000 rpm followed by heat-treatment at 1400$^{circ}C$ for 2h, The adhesion between YSZ film and YDC substrate was found to be very good. The open circuit voltages of H2/O2 single cell with YSZ/YDC composite electrolytes were 0.79∼0.82 V at 800$^{circ}C$ and 0.75∼0.77V at 900$^{circ}C$ The open circuit voltage was inversely proportioned to the thickness ratio of YSZ thin film (1$mutextrm{m}$) to YDC substrate(0.28-2.22 mm)
Key words: Low-temperature SOFC, Composite electrolyte, Polymeric YSZ Sol, Sol-gel spin coating, Open circuit voltage
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