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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 35(11); 1998 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1998;35(11): 1171.
초음파 분무열분해를 이용한 $SrZr_{0.95}$$Y_{0.05}$$O_{2.975}$ 분말의 합성
박양수, 심수만
홍익대학교 재료공학부
Synthesis of $SrZr_{0.95}$$Y_{0.05}$$O_{2.975}$ Powder by Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis
ABSTRACT
$SrZr_{0.95}$$Y_{0.05}$$O_{2.975}$ powder was synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis using a solution that Sr carbonate and Zr and Y nitrates were dissolved in a citric acid solution. The processes of particle formation were in-vestigated with respect to solution properties and pyrolysis temperature. With changing the solution con-centration form 0.1M to 0.01M there was a tendency that average sizes of droplets and particles were de-creased and their size distributions were narrowed. Citrate functional groups converted the droplets into gel particles which prevented an inhomogeneous precipitation of the metal ions and facilitated the diffusion of gases during thermal decomposition. As a result the powder having spherical particles without hollow par-ticles could be prepared. Low pyrolysis temperature led to amorphous particles due to incomplete pyrolysis and made the particles difficult to maintain spherical shape due to retarded gelation of the droplets. Whereas higher pyrolysis temperature produced hollow and broken particles because the droplets un-derwent rapid gelationand decomposition. The particles obtained at two pyrolysis temperature $500^{circ}$and $1000^{circ}C$ consisted of a perovskite phase and a very small amount of $SrCO_3$ However after calcination at $1000^{circ}C$ the particles contained a single perovskite phase having an average particle size of 0.63${mu}{textrm}{m}$ and an apparent density near to the theoretical density.
Key words: Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, Citrate gel, Powder synthesis, Proton conduction, $SrZr_{0.95}$$Y_{0.05}$$O_{2.975}$
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