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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 32(3); 1995 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1995;32(3): 385.
분상법을 이용한 봉규산염계 다공질 유리의 제조 및 특성;$ZrO_2$와 MgO 첨가 영향
김영선, 최세영
연세대학교 세라믹공학과
Preparation and Characterization of Porous Glass in $Na_2O-B_2O_3-SiO_2$ System ; Addition Effects of $ZrO_2$ and MgO
Akali-resistant porous glass was prepared by phase separation in Na2O-B2O3-SiO2 system containing ZrO2 and MgO. ZrO2 was added for alkali-resistance and MgO for anti-cracking during leaching. Optimal content of ZrO2 for alkali-resistance was 7wt% and devitrification by heat treatment resulted from further addition. Pore size and pore volume were decreased and specific surface area was increased with ZrO2 addition due to depression in phase separation. Addition of 3mol% MgO to mother glass containing 7wt% ZrO2 was effective for anti-crack during leaching. In this case, with phase separation at 55$0^{circ}C$ and 5$25^{circ}C$ for 20 hrs. crack-free porous glasses could be prepared. The relation between pore size r and heat treatment time t at 55$0^{circ}C$ was D=25.58+18.16t. According to measurement of gas permeability, the mechanism of gas permeation was Knudsen flow. N2 and He permeability of porous glass which was prepared by heat treatment at 55$0^{circ}C$ for 20 hrs. were 0.843$times$10-7mol/$m^2$.s.Pa and 2.161$times$10-7mol/$m^2$.s.Pa respectively.
Key words: Alkali-resistance, Porous glass, Phase separation, Crack, Permeability
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