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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 31(11); 1994 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1994;31(11): 1401.
국내산 규조토의 수열반응에 의한 Kaolinite질 인공점토의 합성에 관한 연구
김남일, 박계혁, 정창주1
주식회사 행남자기 기술연구소
1전남대학교 공과대학 무기재료공학과
The Synthesis of Kaolinitic Clay Minerals from Domestic Diatomite by Hydrothermal Process
ABSTRACT
The synthesis of kaolinite mineral from domestic diatomite for silica resource, commercial vailable gibbsite or alumina for alumina resource were made under various hydrothermal treatment, and the sythetic effect of acidic mineralizers, temperature treatment with time duration, particle size of alumina on formation of kaolinite mineral and the plastic properties of synthesized kaolinite were investigated. The various acidic mineralizers which are HCl, HNO3, H2SO4 and Oxalic acid were employed for hydrothermal reaction in the range of 0.01 mol/ι to 2 mol/ι concentration of each mineralizers. It was found that HCl in the level of 1 mol/ι solution produced highly yields of well-crystallized and platy form kaolinite mineral and gave the most effective extraction of iron oxide, compared to that of others, that HNO3 produced highly yield of kaolinite but lower extraction of iron oxide, that H2SO4 produced low yield of kaolinite and formed alunite mineral, and that oxialic acid formed spherical crystalline kaolinite and gave low extraction of iron oxide. Moreover, it showed that kaolinite minerals were well synthesized in a wide range of less than 2 mol/ι acids, but were poorly synthesized at more than 2 mol/ι acids. However, boehmite and kaolinite were coexistently formed in the temperature range of 18$0^{circ}C$ and 20$0^{circ}C$ when the calcined diatomite and gibbsite were involved. The well-ordered kaolinite mineral as a platy form was highly synthesized in the temperature range of 220 and 24$0^{circ}C$, when the same marterials as above were used with treatment of 1 mol/ι HCl solution. The results also revealed that the size of crystalline platy form kaolinite, synthesized from alumina and calcined diatomite with treatment in 1 mol/ιHCl solution at 24$0^{circ}C$, was much larger than that of gibbsite and calcined diatomite shown previously, and that kaolinite and corundum minerals were coexistently formed under any hydrothermal treatment conditions. The plasticity of synthesized kaolinite from under 2 ${mu}{textrm}{m}$ alumina and calcined diatomite was very poor, and that of the synthesized kaolinite from raw diatomite and gibbsite gave higher than that of calcined diatomite and gibbsite.
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