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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 26(1); 1989 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1989;26(1): 13.
Si3N4-Y2O3-Al2O3계의 입계상 결정화에 관한 연구
박정현, 황종희
연세대학교 공과대학 요업공학과
A Study on the Crystallization of Grain-Boundary Phases in Si3N4-Y2O3-Al2O3 System
After sintering Si3N4 containing 20wt% of variable composition ratio of Y2O3 and Al2O3 at 1$600^{circ}C$, the specimens were annealed at 125$0^{circ}C$ and 135$0^{circ}C$ for 5, 10, 15 hours in order to crystallize the remanining oxynitride glass phases. The main grain-boundary crystalline phases in the Si3N4-Y2O3-Al2O3 system were melilite and YAG. By annealing 15hrs. at 125$0^{circ}C$, almost all of the glasses were crystallized. During the growth of melilite, lattice volyume of $beta$-Si3N4 was increased as Al3+ and O2- ions in the oxynitride glass diffuse into $beta$-Si3N4 lattice, but during the growth of YAG, lattice volume of $beta$-Si3N4 was decreased by reverse diffusion of Al3+ and O2- ions. In case of crystallization of glass phase to melilite, thermal expansion of sample was decreased, but in case of crystallization to YAG, inverse phenomen on was observed.
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