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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 20(4); 1983 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1983;20(4): 333.
고전압 애자용 반도성 유약프리트에서의 Magnetite 결정화
이희수, 이동인, 전병세
연세대학교 공과대학 요업공학과
Magnetite Crystallization in Semiconducting Glaze Frit for High Tension Electric Insulators
ABSTRACT
Semiconducting glaxe of iron system for the recent use as high Voltage porcelain insulators often showed the tendancy of unstable thermal properties. Thus the development of frit including magnetite was studied to cover the defect. In the experimental process melted and quenched frits were ground pelletized and heat-treated at various temperatures in the range of 800-1 $300^{circ}C$ for various soaking time within 4 hours and then crystallized specimens were obtained. The speciment were studied with optical and electron microscope DTA x-ray diffractometer and electrometer The results obtained were as follows : 1) The optimum condition for the crystal growth of magnetite in the frite was the heat-treatment of $1300^{circ}C$ for 3hrs and in this case the range of crystal size was $10-11mutextrm{m}$ 2) The activation energy for the crystal growth of magnetite was 21.1 kcal/mole. 3) The heat-treament at $1, 250^{circ}C$ and $1, 300^{circ}C$ resulted in the good thermal stability and the range of surface resistivity was $3.5{times}10^4-4.0{times}10^7$, /TEX> $Omega$/$cm^2$ which was adguate to semiconducting frit. 4) The conduction mechanism seems to be due to the electron mobility rather than ion mobility and the activa-tion energy for the conduction was 0.07-0.15eV/mole for the heat-treated specimes in the range of 1, 250-1, 300C
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