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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 20(2); 1983 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1983;20(2): 99.
Magnesia 소결에 미치는 $Ga_2O_3$$GeO_2$ 첨가의 경향
이종한, 박철원
한양대학교
Effect of $Ga_2O_3$ and $GeO_2$ Additives on Sintering of Magnesia
ABSTRACT
This experiment has been carried out for the purpose of investigating the effect of $Ga_2O_3$ and $GeO_2$ additivies on sintering of magnesium oxide over the temperature range of 130$0^{circ}C$~150$0^{circ}C$. The effect of calcining temperature on the bulk densities of fired compacts prepared from this material was observed MgO powder has been obtained by calcining extra reagent grade magnesium carbonate(basic fired) at 90$0^{circ}C$ for 30 minutes $Ga_2O_3$and GeO2 were added in the ratio of 1, 2, and 3 wt% to MgO and mixed with calcined MgO. The specimens were prepared by compression with pressure of $700kg/cm^2$ than fired at 130$0^{circ}C$~150$0^{circ}C$ for 0-5hrs. Sintering behaviour and microstructure of the fired specimens were examined. The optimum calcination temperature of magnesium carbonate was 90$0^{circ}C$. Densification rates obeyed the equation D=K in t+c. Theoretical density in the case of addition of $Ga_2O_3$ was 23.1 kcal/mole in the case of the additive $GeO_2$ was 14.176kcal/mole. This low value would appear to support a machanism of grain boundatry diffusion The range of average grain size in the case of addition of $Ga_2O_3$ and $GeO_2$ was 21$mutextrm{m}$-31$mutextrm{m}$
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