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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 11(2); 1974 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1974;11(2): 22.
국산 Kaolin 광물에 수반된 철화합물의 종류 및 존재상태 구명에 관한 연구
박금철, 최석진1, 박영갑
한양대학교 공과대학 요업공학과
1전남대학교 공과대학 요업공학과
A Study on Iron Compounds Accompanied in Korean Kaolin Minerals
This study was carried out to investigate the species of iron compounds in kaolin mineral and the bonding relation between the major kaolin and its subordinate iron compound existing as incidental mineral in common clay by means of chemical composition, X-ray diffraction, thermal differential and thermogravimetrie analysis for the application of clays in the field of ceramic raw material. The domestic clay are produced abounduntly in many places, but San-Cheong kaolin, Chu-An clay, and Yeong-Am clay were selected as samples in this experiment because of their frequent utilization in porcelain industry. Two kinds of samples with low and high iron content are picked up respectively from the place of production and elutriated under two micron size to determine the properties and concentration of iron compound very fine particles or colloidal substance of low crystalline grade. Therefore, hydrothermal treatment in autoclave was conducted considering the existence of low crystalline grade of iron compounds known as an amorphoue state in X-ray diffraction pattern furthermore, de-iron treatment of hydrothermal compound was done in order to identify the related iron compound before and after hydrothermal reaction and iron compound which is one of the samples was synthesized for the determination of their compounds state in more detail. The obtained results in this study are as follows: In San-Cheong kaolin, Chu-An clay and Yeong-Am clay 1) It is proved that species accompanying iron compound is $alpha$-FeOOH form. 2) Iron compound is composed of very fine particles or colloidal substance. 3) The iron substance encircles the fine parts of clay minerals under 2 micron and acts as cementizing agent.
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