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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 11(1); 1974 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 1974;11(1): 10.
Silica의 형태가 Pozzolan 반응성에 미치는 영향
한기성
인하대학교 요업공학과
The Effect of the Structural State of Silica on the Pozzolanic Reactivity
ABSTRACT
The hydration at $23^{circ}C$ between $Ca(OH)_2$ and siliceous materials with various compositions of silica gel and quartz were studied in paste state, and also diatomite was empolyed as another form of silica. The effect of the structural state of silica on the pozzolanic reactivity was investigated by X-ray, DTA, electron microscopy, and chemical analysis. The results obtained were as follows. (1) The molar ratio of $Ca(OH)_2$ to silica gel(C/Sg) being changed in 0.49, 0.81 and 1.22, the free $Ca(OH)_2$ was disappeared within six hours, three days and two weeks respectively and ill-crystallized CSH(I) was formed. However, in the case fo molar ratio of C/Sg=2.45, almost lime was remained uncombinedly after twenty four weeks yet. (2) Though the molar ratio C/Sg of diatomite was 0.71, the hydration was stabilized at three weeks and the result exhibited very peculiar characteristics from silica gel. (3) Pozzolanic reactivity of quartz was negligible, but $alpha$-cristobalite in diatomite showed appreciable reactivity. (4) The thermal curves showed the exothermic peaks in the range 830 to $930^{circ}C$ and lower broad peaks at high temperature in the initial steps of hydration, transfered to lower temperature with sharp peaks by proceeding of hydration. (5) The samples containing more silica gel exhibited higher pozzolanic reactivity and martar strength, but the diatomite gave remarkable result for them and they were matched to the strength development rate.
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