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J. Korean Ceram. Soc. > Volume 58(1); 2021 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society 2021;58(1): 28-41.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-020-00100-6
Strategies for improving luminescence efficiencies of blue-emitting metal halide perovskites
G. Krishnamurthy Grandhi1, Ha Jun Kim1, N. S. M. Viswanath2, Han Bin Cho1, Joo Hyeong Han1, Seong Min Kim1, Won Bin Im1
1Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea
2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Won Bin Im ,Email: imwonbin@hanyang.ac.kr
Received: September 17, 2020; Revised: November 9, 2020   Accepted: November 11, 2020.  Published online: January 31, 2021.
ABSTRACT
Lead halide perovskites (LHPs) are suitable as the emissive layers in light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The external quantum efficiency of green LEDs based on LHPs is now over 20%. Nevertheless, the blue LHP LEDs lag behind the green ones in terms of efficiency. Photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) and stability of the NCs under various operating conditions are two major factors that influence the LED performance. Therefore, to promote the efforts towards achieving improved LED efficiencies, herein, we summarize several synthetic methods that produce blue-emitting LHP NC, followed by several approaches devised to boost their PL QYs up to near unity. Light-induced anion segregation is one of the limitations of using blue-emitting mixed-halide LHPs, which triggers the attention to single halide, quantum-confined LHP nanoplatelets (NPLs). Syntheses, structure, and luminescent properties of organic–inorganic and all-inorganic blue-emitting LHP NPLs are discussed elaborately. In the last portion, the luminescent properties of lead-free metal halides, which are of current interest, are discussed, followed by an outlook and future directions. In conclusion, our review discusses various literature attempts to obtain stable blue-emitting LHP NCs, which can be helpful in a better design of the blue-emitting LHP NCs towards various light-emitting applications.
Key words: Lead halide perovskites · Blue emission · Nanoplatelets · Lead-free perovskites
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